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Antioxidant status and odour profile in milk from silage or lucerne-fed cows

Authors: L. Rosetti, L. Langman, G.M. Grigioni, A. Biolatto, A.M. Sancho, E. Comeron and A.M. Descalzo

Abstract:

In order to determine the effect feeding differences on natural antioxidant vitamin delivery, two contrasting diets, lucerne (ALF) and sorghum silage (SS), were analysed. Diets showed different profiles for fat-soluble vitamins. ALF was higher in α-tocopherol, β-carotene and retinol than the SS diet. On the contrary, SS diet was higher in γ- and δ-tocopherol, due to the soy expeller contribution in these isomers. The ALF diet favoured higher milk production and protein yield in comparison to SS, whereas the fat content was the opposite (p <0.01). The composition of the diets was partially reflected in milk. The ALF diet favoured the incorporation of α-tocopherol, retinol, β-carotene and Vitamin D3 intro raw milk. Meanwhile, a less abundant isomer of vitamin E, γ-tocopherol, was significantly higher in the SS than the ALF milk and δ-tocopherol was not deteced. In addition the ALF diet also promoted higher antioxidant activity. The ferric reduction antioxidant power (FRAP) was significantly higher in ALF than in SS milk, however oxidation determined by thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) was similar for both types of milk. Also, no differences in ascorbic acid concentration were detected in either type of milk. The ALF and SS milks were clearly separated (100%) by their antioxidant status and odour profiles as a function of feeding into SS and ALF groups when the biochemical variables and sensor LY2/gCTI were analysed together. Two linear Fischer’s discriminant functions were defined according to dietary treatments using β-carotene and sensor LY2/gCTI. The success rate of correct classification of each sample was 100%, either for the original cases or after cross-validation (p,0.0001). The use of an electronic nose proved to be a useful instrumental method to discriminate the odour profile of milk samples with a different antioxidant status.

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